From the caption: INDIO CON CARRETON DE LENA
“El Carabao es el unico animal que sirve para el transporte efectos, y el mas querido del indio.”
Vistas De Las Islas Filipinas Y Trages de Sus Habitantes, de José Honorato Lozano, Publicado en 1847 [Biblioteca Nacional de Espana]
Translation: “The Carabao is the only animal that is used for transportation purposes, and the most beloved of the Indian.”
Photo source: Pearl of the Orient
For the unfamiliar, ‘indio’ was how the Spanish conquistadors called the natives of the Philippines during its colonization of the islands. It eventually became derogatory (it was also similar to our Latin American counterparts), especially in the 19th century.